Friday, 11 September 2015



*If you have not already read my review of the Jinhao X750, please do so here, as I will be making reference to some of the previous observations (about Jinhao Pens) that I had made therein.


My first introduction to the Jinhao brand was when I stumbled upon the X750 in a Duyi Bookshop. I was impressed by the performance of the X750, and I grew to like Jinhao as a brand more and more. To me, Jinhao pens carry with it the promise of offering good writing instruments at very affordable prices.

(Jinhao's "Horse and Carriage" logo)

My fascination with Jinhao led me, no - compelled me, to buy a 159. About 6 months back, I purchased my 159 through ebay and paid only S$5.00 for the pen. If I recall correctly, even the postage (from Hong Kong to Singapore) was waived by the seller. The 159 took about 2 weeks to be delivered to me, and I was filled with anticipation to get my hands on it during those 2 (long) weeks of waiting.

The 159 did not disappoint, not in the least. I thought I already knew what to expect with the 159 (given my previous experiences with my X750), but I have to say, when I first wrote with my 159, I was once again pleasantly surprised by how good and smooth a writing experience I got from the 159.

Jinhao, is Han Yin Pin Yue for "金豪" which can be transliterated to mean "Prosperous". There is even a fountainpennetwork thread here which discusses the various different and possible meanings of what Jinhao could mean in English (one such alternate transliteration even states, jokingly, that Jinhao stands for "Gold Oyster").


The 159's barrel is made of metal (likely brass) and is coated with lacquer. It also comes with a screw-on cap (unlike the X750, which has a snap-on cap). The 159 can be posted, and the cap fits snugly onto the rear of the barrel. But the cap is extremely heavy and when posted makes the pen extremely long. Posting the 159 therefore makes it very unwieldy and difficult to write with (see picture below).

Much has been said about how the 159 resembles the Montblanc Meisterstuck (particularly the 149) (see Mr Brown's Fountain Pen Shootout video here, wherein he had compared both the 159 and 149 in unison). In this regard, I believe its more of a case of "the-ultimate-form-of-flattery-is-mimickry" rather than a sly attempt to dupe people into thinking or mistaking the 159 for the 149.

 (photo credit: The Pen Habit's video review of the Montblanc 149)

This is because there are very obvious differences that distinguish the pens from one another. For example, the 149 is a piston-filled fountain pen (see picture above - wherein a ink-viewing window is visible in the barrel of the 149), and the 159 is a cartridge/converter-filled fountain pen.

(but... even the converter was made to look like a Lamy Z24 converter)

Furthermore, both pens are marked with their distinctive logos - the Montblanc with its iconic white star atop the cap, and the Jinhao logo atop a "shield" on the clip of the pen.

As I said before (in my X750 post), the 159 looks undeniably classy and elegant. It looks impressive and expensive (even though it costs less than S$5!). Which is probably why scammers on carousell try their luck, hoping to trick an uninformed buyer into buying a 159 for S$150 (see picture below).

(Caveat Emptor - Buyer Beware!)

Besides the overall look of the 159, there are also some other minor details that I really like about the 159. For example, the very simple manner in which the model number is engraved into the silver ring at the end of the cap (see picture below). 


The nib and feed of the 159 are unremarkable (i.e. not particularly interesting or surprising). You get a shiny steel nib, with a nondescript black plastic feed.

(Nib and Feed are friction-fit and can be removed easily, making for easy cleaning)

The one thing about the nib, which continues to irk me are the words "18K GP" engraved onto the nib (as all other Jinhao nibs). I was under the impression (given that the 159 is sometimes regarded as a blatant ripoff of the 149) that this was another attempt by a Chinese manufacturer (which they are infamous for) to pass-off its goods for something it is not. 

But as Mr Goulet points out in his 159 review here this is not the case. Instead, as Mr Goulet explains, it is because Jinhao does in reality have "18K GP" (i.e. 18 Karat Gold Plated) two-toned nibs, and all their steel nibs are therefore first stamped with the words "18KGP".

(I do however really like the designs along the nib wings, 
and the Jinhao "Horse and Carriage" logo)

This, I assume, is due to the manufacturers being indifferent (and/or too stingy to splurge on extra machinery) to having two sets of nib-presses to clearly distinguish their "non-gold-plated" nibs from their legitimate gold-plated ones. Therefore the (mis)representation is more so "unintentional" than "deliberate" on Jinhao's part.

I guess my gripe with this whole "18K GP" issue simply boils down to the fact that this would be another potential reason scammers (like the ones already on carousell) could use to cheat unassuming fountain pen beginners, into forking out more monies than would be considered a fair price.

Not to belabour my point any further, to round-off, I will just issue to all my readers (no matter how experienced a fountain pen user/collector you are) one final cautionary statement: never impulse buy a fountain pen, always do your due diligence first (especially online, where there is a wealth of helpful literature to help you come to an informed decision about whether to (a) buy a pen and (b) what price you should rightfully pay for it).


My 159 came with a nice, big and juicy No. 6 sized (medium) nib. As you can see from the picture above, the tines of my 159 came nicely aligned. I therefore did not have any problems with the dreaded curse of "poor quality control", which many mass-manufactured Chinese pens are afflicted with.

In fact, my 159 wrote wet and smooth right out of the box (inked-up with Pelikan 4001 Royal Blue). I did not have any issues with "skipping" and I found that the feed kept up nicely, and delivered ink at a constant rate, even when writing fast and furiously. 

For a S$5.00 pen, the 159 undoubtedly blew my mind the first time I put the nib down onto paper.

Recently, my wife had also purchased 3 bottles (60ml each) of Hero 204 Black Ink from taobao for me (I have difficulty navigating around taobao, given that it's entirely in Mandarin). From what I understand, each bottle cost about S$1.00 only (or about 4.5 - 5 Chinese yuan each). 

One should bear in mind that the Hero 204 ink is not an exceptionally good ink, in fact, when I inked up my 159 with it, I did experience a slight deterioration in the overall smoothness of the writing experience. This would be what ink aficionados would refer to as a lack of "lubrication" in the ink. 

Also, as with the other Hero inks I discussed (per my X750 review), the Hero 204 also has an extremely strong stench (i.e. the same smell as Chinese water-colour paint). For a more in-depth review of the Hero 204 black ink (with a better writing sample to boot) see bookworm2109's fountainpennetwork thread here.

(Please ignore the word "carbon" in the writing sample above - the Hero 204 is NOT a carbon ink)

Also, if you are not a fan of "shading" in your inks, then the Hero 204 is probably not for you. As you'll note in the macro shots of the writing samples below, you'll see some shades of grey amongst the stronger black lines.



A common theme that traverses all my posts is the belief that a good fountain pen need not be expensive, and conversely an expensive pen is not necessarily good.

"Good" being in italics because this of course is a matter of subjectivity. The Jinhao 159 is the epitome of this belief, for me at least. It is extremely cheap, and it delivers (for its price) an extremely good writing experience. 

(simply simple)

But of course for the price you pay there will always be limitations, that is to say:

1) The 159 looks elegant, but is not entirely an original and/or a unique design;

2) The 159 is smooth, but is not buttery smooth;

3) The 159 is made with good materials, but is not the best (i.e. lacquer versus resin); and

4) Jinhao is growing to be a "reputable" brand (but usually known for how cheap their pens are, or how closely their pens resemble their more famous counterparts), and is therefore not a "prestigious" luxury brand.

In summation, the 159 is definitely a pen that I would recommend. If you have low expectations for a S$5.00 pen, you'll be pleasantly surprised, and even if you had high expectations for a S$5.00 pen, your expectations will still be exceeded.

(Finally, if you would like to read a differing opinion on the 159, you can read Mr Ken Crooker's review here)

Sunday, 6 September 2015

Everyday Writers Part 1 of 2: TWSBI Diamond 580 (Clear Demonstrator) and TWSBI Mini

Hey everyone!

I know its been awhile since I last posted anything, I've been really busy at work and I do sincerely apologise. 

That being said, what got me back and passionate about blogging again would be the recent spate of comments that you guys have been leaving on my blog, and also some  of my amazing new pen acquisitions that have really got me motivated to write again! (Those pens will be covered separately in my subsequent posts.)

(the superb attention to aesthetics is what makes TWSBI Pens so desirable)


In this post, I would like to share my experiences with my TWSBI 580 ("580"), and also the TWSBI mini ("Mini") which I bought for my wife as a Mother's Day present this year (both pens pictured below).

(my 580 on top - empty just after a cleaning, and my wife's Mini below filled up and ready to write!)

According to TWSBI's official website, the initials "TWS", was derived by reversing the acronym of "SWT". "SWT" was in turn then meant to be an acronym for the Chinese characters of "San Wen Tong" (or "三文通" which, according to TWSBI, symbolises the fabled "Hall of Three Cultures"). Lastly, the word "Bi" refers to the Han Yue Pin Yin word for "笔" ("pen").

If you are scratching your head wondering what all that means, simply look to TWSBI's corporate mission statement, which reads: "To inspire and recapture the romanticism of art and literature...starting with the pen".

Another thing that attracted me to the TWSBI branding was the fact that they are so proudly Taiwanese. Having been to Taiwan several times, and having stayed there for extended periods of time, I have a high esteem for their people, culture and identity. Much akin to the deference that many Asians commonly feel towards the South Korean and Japanese people.

Price and Where I bought it: 

I got my 580 from Mr Sunny Koh of,  for S$65.00 with another $4.00 for (local) postage. 

I bought the Mini from overjoyed's retail store at Golden Wall Centre (89 Short Street, #B1-08, Singapore 188216) for about S$52.00, when it was on sale (i.e. 20% off the usual RRP of S$65.00).

Other Features:

Piston-filling mechanism, no rear-blind-cap over the piston knob and comes with a screw-on cap.

(A) Aesthetics:

If you've read the other articles on my blog, you'll know that I am hugely inclined towards clear demonstrator pens. Needless to say, I am going to be unreservedly biased in my assessment of the overall aesthetics of these pens!

I love the look and feel of both the 580 and the Mini (since they are practically identical). 

Though the pens are comprised mostly of plastic parts, I have never once gotten the impression that the pens were cheap, light-weight or insubstantial. Quite the opposite actually. The pens feel surprisingly "beefy", adequately-weighted and also nicely balanced; especially so when writing.

The deceptively "light" look of the pens come from the fact that you hardly see any of the metal trimmings on the pen. This is because the silver accents of the metal parts blend in so naturally with the rest of the clear glossy plastic parts. One therefore tends to forget that that's where most of the pens' weight come from.

As the very first picture of this post shows, TWSBI's eye-catching red and silver trade mark is prominently affixed on the top of the cap.

Finally, as you'll notice, engraved onto the cap ring are the words "TWSBI", "Taiwan" and depending on the pen, the model of that particular pen (i.e. "Diamond 580" and "mini" respectively).

Given the clear body of the TWSBI pens, you can also "change" the colour of the barrel by simply filling the pen with any beautifully coloured ink of your choice!

(B) Disassembly and Cleaning:

(as you can see, there are many small and intricate parts in a TWSBI pen!)

Disassembling a TWSBI is easy (its putting it back together that's the hard part - I'll explain what I mean in greater detail at section (D) below). Everything screws into place, nicely. TWSBI even provides, with every one of its pens, a tiny spanner to unscrew the piston from the barrel of the pen. 

If you're interested in finding out how you go about disassembling a TWSBI pen, check out Mr. Brown's video here, Mr. Goulet's video here, and even TWSBI's official tutorial page here.

Because TWSBI pens are so readily broken down into its individual components, they are therefore very easy to clean. This is another aspect of TWSBI's pens that I find truly amazing. Not only is each and every part so intricately and meticulously fabricated, they also always fit back together seamlessly (if done right). This is another true indication of Ta Shin Precision's ("TSP") skill, craftsmanship and pride in its products (if you are interested to learn more about TSP, see Fountain Pen Economics' Brand Analysis blogpost here).

After disassembling the pens, just dump the contents in a bowl of water and let them soak for several hours. Once the excess ink has diffused into the water, take the parts out, wipe them off to dry (with a lint-free cloth), and you're ready to reassemble the pens and ink them up again!

(C) Writing Experience:

(Fine nib - TWSBI Mini)

From what I understand, TSP manufactures everything except the nibs on their pens; which are actually German-made JoWo (Steel) nibs. 

(the engraving of the TWSBI trade mark on the steel nib is simply beautiful)

It was therefore not surprising that my 580, fitted with a Medium nib, delivered an almost identical writing experience to my Lamy Vista (medium) and my Schneider iD (broad) pens (with only varying degrees of wetness).

My 580 is smooth. Lays down a wet line. Offers almost no flex (and therefore provides little to no line variation at all), and has a stiff and rigid feel when writing. Therefore, for the price you pay (S$65 for a piston-filler pen with a screw-on cap), and the writing experience you get, you are actually getting an extremely good-value-for-money deal!

There is a lot of positive literature online about how well the 580s write (for example see Chase McCoy's review on the penaddict blog here), and TWSBI has already garnered somewhat of a loyal "cult-following" amongst fountain pen enthusiasts.

(the reverse side of the Mini - gills on the feed)

As for the Mini, being a fine nib, it lays down an extremely thin and dry line (comparable to a "Japanese fine", which is surprising coming from an European nib manufacturer). Though I would often rave about the 580's smooth writing experience (and price-point), I was however sorely disappointed by the Mini's performance. 

On the Mini, the fine nib feels scratchy, rough and doesn't quite glide across the page as one would expect. My wife, whom I bought the Mini for, was similarly not impressed. I know my wife rarely uses her Mini, and if she does, its only to humour me. To date my attempts to convert my wife into a fountain pen user has been unsuccessful. She thus resolutely remains a (predominantly) roller-gel pen user.

Can the pens be posted?

Mini - Yes, superbly.
580 - No.

One of the things that I do like about the Mini, would be the fact that there are threads at the rear of the barrel, and allows the cap to screw firmly onto the back of the pen when posted (and not directly onto the piston-filler-knob). This, obviously, indicating that the Mini was designed and therefore meant to be posted when writing. This transforms the Mini from a "convenient-pocket-sized" fountain pen (i.e. in the same vein as the Kaweco Sport) into a full-length fountain pen (that sits comfortably in your hand).

(the 580 becomes impractically long when posted)

The 580, on the other hand, becomes impractically long and uncomfortably "back-heavy" when posted (see kencrooker's review of the 580 AL, wherein he had made the same observation). 

Further dissuading writers from posting the 580; the cap doesn't sit flush when posted, and gets "stuck" mid-way down the piston-filler-knob at the end of the barrel. There are also anecdotal recounts of how posting the 580 can therefore actually cause the piston-filler-knob to be inadvertently twisted while writing, and thus allowing for messy accidents. 

That being said, the 580 is perfectly weighted and balanced when "un-posted", and 580 users can go for long periods of time without experiencing fatigue and/or discomfort while writing (I once scrawled about 15 - 20 pages worth of text, while taking minutes during a meeting, and not once did my hand come close to cramping).

(D) General Comments:

As I had mentioned earlier, at section (B) above, after disassembly these pens can be extremely difficult to put back together again. I attribute this to the sheer number of tiny and intricate ("moving") parts that need to be fitted together perfectly during the reassembly process. However, I would also disclaim that my negative experiences with reassembling my 580 could, in a large part, be due to my own lack of finesse and experience (some 580 users even avoid this hassle entirely by almost never disassembling their 580).

TWSBI pens are also notorious for having extremely fragile plastic parts which crack and snap easily. This can happen if the pen is dropped, or if one were to apply too much force when writing and/or reassembling the pens (I found the black-inner-plastic components to be extremely thin and at times brittle during disassembly and reassembly). 

For brutes like myself, it would not therefore be a stretch of the imagination should these parts end up BREAKING. (In fact, this has been such a prevalent problem for so many people that there is even a fountainpennetwork thread sarcastically entitled "So, Has Anyone's TWSBI Not Broken?" - though the contents of which, from a cursory reading, have been generally positive and in support of TWSBI's products). Further, it is also quite telling when TWSBI's own youtube channel contains a tutorial for removing damaged and/or broken parts from its products (see link here).

I confess that in the process of cleaning my 580 recently - I broke the feed section (picture below), and which would therefore explain why I did not include any writing samples with this post.

That being said, TWSBI has also garnered a reputation for having excellent customer service (which is honestly not uncommon for a Taiwanese company) and generous warranties on their products. 

Further, TWSBI is also known for being extremely prompt in replying customers with any such complaints, and thereafter making haste in sending replacement parts out to such customers in a matter of days (via post), after having received such feedback.

In relation to my own damaged 580, I have written to TWSBI and (if what I've read online turns out to be true and accurate) I should be expecting to hear back from them soon.

Besides breaking easily, TWSBI pens can also be laden with nib and feed problems out-of-the-box. See this other fountainpennetwork thread, with the comments therein suggesting TWSBI pens to be more of a "hit-or-miss" type of product. I, in my humble opinion, would agree, since my own experiences with TWSBI pens have been 50-50 in this regard. In reality, my 580 has been simply fantastic (albeit now broken), while the Mini turned out to be a disappointing purchase.

(E) Conclusion:

All things considered, I would still highly recommend getting a TWSBI pen. 

For its reasonable price, superb writing experience, detailed craftsmanship and beautiful aesthetics (check out the entire range of colours available). 

TWSBI pens are definitely a great investment. Plus, the risk of getting a dud would undoubtedly be offset by TWSBI's willingness to rectify and/or replace their products when it fails to hit the mark (although you would have to sacrifice some time, effort and monies to get any such replacements).

As an aside, TWSBI has also recently introduced its cheaper range of ECO fountain pens (S$38.00 from / US$28.99 from Goulet Pens), which would again be a strong incentive to give this Taiwanese company a chance to impress you!